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In the context of mineral supply chains, due diligence represents a holistic concept that aims at providing a chain of custody tracking from mine to export at country level, regional tracking of mineral flows through the creation of a database on their purchases, independent audits on all actors in the supply chain, and a monitoring of the whole mineral chain by a mineral chain auditor.
In this sense, due diligence transcends conventional risk management approaches that usually focus on the prevention of direct impacts on the core business activities of companies. Moreover, due diligence focuses on a maximum of transparency as an end itself while risk management is always directed towards the end of averting direct damages. Studies found that the motivation for supply chain due diligence as well as expected outcomes of these processes vary among firms.
A number of organizations and celebrities working to find solutions and raise awareness of conflict minerals. These include:. Moreover, FairPhone Foundation raises awareness of conflict minerals in the mobile industry and is a company which tries to produce a smart phone with 'fair' conditions along the supply chain. Various industry and trade associations are also monitoring developments in conflict minerals laws and traceability frameworks.
Some of these represent electronics, retailers, jewelry, mining, electronics components, and general manufacturing sectors. On Jan 6th , the semiconductor giant Intel announced that it would distance itself from conflict minerals. As a result, all Intel microprocessors henceforth will be conflict-free.
Manufacturers and supply chain partners needing to comply with the ever-increasing reporting regulations have a few commercial options available.
3 Negotiation Strategies for Conflict Resolution
A major research report from November by the Southern Africa Resource Watch revealed that gold miners in the east of the Democratic Republic of Congo were being exploited by corrupt government officials, bureaucrats and security personnel, who all demand illegal tax, fees and levies from the miners without delivering any services in return. Despite the alleged gold rush in regions of the country, none of the population and workforce is benefiting from this highly lucrative industry.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. Learn how and when to remove these template messages. Parts of this article those related to the EU they have passed legislation on conflict minerals need to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. May The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. You may improve this article , discuss the issue on the talk page , or create a new article , as appropriate.
May Learn how and when to remove this template message. Main article: Mining industry of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Evidence from Thirteen Cases", International Organization, Assent Compliance. Time Warner. Archived from the original on December 5, Retrieved December 16, Seitzinger; Kathleen Ann Ruane April 2, Congressional Research Service.
Retrieved May 1, BBC News. Retrieved Peter Hain : without blood diamonds, the war in Sierra Leone could not be financed Greenpeace UK. Archived from the original on Archived from the original on June 2, Tantalum-Niobium International Study Center. Archived from the original on December 16, Mineral Information Institute.
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United States Geological Survey. Archived from the original PDF on December 16, Retrieved June 18, CBS News. The gold jewellery market is five times larger than diamonds at first cost".
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Manual Finding hope with new solutions in a world of conflict.
Retrieved March 13, Retrieved January 7, Archived from the original on October 2, Stand Canada. Retrieved November 30, Conflict Minerals. February 1, September 8, Archived from the original on June 20, Businesses are booming — hotels, retail and hardware stores dot every corner of the busy town. The modern market houses more than 1, small-scale businesses, and trucks can be seen offloading merchandise all day long. Opportunities are ripe both on and off the farm. I stared death in the face multiple times. Most STRYDE participants in northern Uganda witnessed the decades-long guerilla war first hand as children or teenagers and know all too well the pain of loss.
The majority of those around Gulu had been forced to flee to camps for internally displaced people IDPs , and some had even been kidnapped by the guerrillas. Behind their cheerful laughter lies wounds, bitterness, and suffering. However, each day is a new opportunity to overcome the tragedies that they have faced and make the best out of their lives. During three months of intensive training, youth acquire knowledge on how to identify and develop a viable agribusiness idea, how to market their products, and how to maintain accurate records.
The two also grow maize and vegetables and keep pigs.
Meeting Future Conflict with Solutions — Baroness Goudie
With sales from their farm, Polly and Jimmy now live a comfortable life and are able to save some money for the future. I spent my days sitting under the tree. Thoughts of my rough childhood were always lingering in my mind. Bonny plans to start a small-scale tomato processing plant as a means of adding value to his own tomatoes and those of other farmers in the area. Bonny heard about STRYDE while in church and wasted no time signing up for the training together with a few of his friends.
While the fruits of youth entrepreneurship can be enjoyed by every community, post-conflict areas with high levels of unemployment, like northern Uganda and Rwanda, especially stand to benefit.